A colonoscopy is a GI scope procedure whereby a physician inserts a flexible lighted narrow tube through the patient’s anus and into the rectum, colon, and occasionally into the distal small intestine (terminal ileum). The colonoscope has a high definition camera at its distal tip allowing for a close inspection of the large bowel. Patients need to be on a STRICT clear liquid diet the day before the exam and take a laxative prep the night before and the morning of the exam to ensure that the inside of the colon is clean and the doctor can detect small abnormalities inside the bowel. Oftentimes, small growths called polyps are found inside the colon and immediately removed by a technique called a polypectomy. When the procedure is over the patient is taken to hi or hers recovery room, and the physician reviews findings and discusses the future plan with the patient.